Project 2016-1571 Unspoken truths

1 January 2017
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The project « 2016-1571 » was funded with the support of the European Union under the Programme “Europe for Citizens”

Applicable to the Strand 2 – Measure 2.2 “Networks of Towns”

Measure 2.3 “Civil Society Projects

Strand 1 – “European Rememberance

5 main events and 50 local and international actions have been carried out within this project:

Event 1 (partners meeting)Participation: The event involved  12 citizens, including  3  participants from the city of Sofia, Bulgaria, 1participant from Sannicolau Mare, Romania, 1 participant from the city of Budapest, HU, 1 participant from the city of Nis, Serbia, 1 participant from the city of Tallinn, Estonia, 1 participant from the city of Riga, Latvia, 1 participant from the city of Vilnius, Lithuania, 1 participant from the city of Prague, Czech Republic, 1 participant from the city of Berlin, Germany, 1 participant from the city of Poronin, Poland.

Location / Dates: The event took place in Sofia, Bulgaria from 12/10/2016  to 15/10/2016Short description:  In the period 12-15.10.2016 in Sofia, Bulgaria, the partner meeting was attended by 12 representatives from all partner countries. The meeting reviewed all of the project’s documentation. The participants developed a timeline of activities, a concept for the dissemination of goals and results, technical parameters related to the production of educational video material and budget allocation. Contracts were signed with the partners.

Event 2 (meeting with experts, historical workers)
Participation: The event involved  51 citizens, including  7  participants from the city of Tallinn, Estonia; 6  participants from the city of Sofia, Bulgaria, 8 participants from the city of Timisoara, Romania; 4 participants from the city of Poronin, Poland; 5 participants from the city of Berlin, Germany; 5 participants from the city of Kekava, Latvia; 5 participants from the city of Vilnius, Lithuania; 5 participants from the city of Nis, Serbia; 7 participants from the city of Hodmezovasarhely, Hungary.

Location / Dates: The event took place in Sofia, BG; Tallinn, EE; Timisoara, RO; Poronin, PL; Berlin, DE; Kekava, LV; Vilnius, LT; Nis, RS; Hodmezovasarhely, HU from  18/10/2016  to 18/02/2017

Short description:  In the period 18-10.2016-18.02.2017, a number of meetings were held between the project teams (in each country) and representatives of museums, state archives, historians. Together with young people and project teams, archives, documents, documentary TV records and interviews were collected. All historical events related to the opposition-resistance movements against the communist dictatorship in Europe have been investigated. The total number of participants from all countries in this activity was 51.

Estonia: On 03.02.2017 in the Tallinn Museum of Occupation a meeting was held between representatives of PTPI Estonia with museum workers and experts. The project “Unspoken truths” – objectives, activities was presented during the meeting. Issues related to Estonian resistance movements and history of historical events were discussed. Key moments and videos were highlighted.

Bulgaria: On February 10, 2017 a meeting was held in Sofia between experts – historians and museum workers. The meeting was led by Professor Rumyan Sechkov, a historian and lecturer in modern history. The meeting discussed the main historical moments and chronology of events in Bulgaria (1944-1989). The meeting was attended by 2 representatives of Eurocom TV.

Romania: On 19.01.2017 a meeting was held in Timisoara between representatives of BD Romania and historians. The main purpose of the meeting was to discuss the historical chronology of the events in order to select appropriate video and text material for video production.

Poland: On 14.02.2017 a meeting was held between the team of the organization and representatives of the Historical Museum in Poronin. The meeting was attended by 4 participants. The discussion was based on the historical events in Poland in the period 1944-1989 and the different stages of the resistance movements. Several stages have been outlined to serve to recreate historical events through video production.

Germany: On January 22, 2017 historians and history teachers were invited to the organization’s office. At the meeting was presented the project – objectives and activities, a historical report on the resistance movements and the main stages was presented. The meeting was attended by 5 representatives.

Latvia: On 01.02.2017, a meeting between historians, museum workers and the team of the organization was held in Kekava, Latvia, with the aim of: presenting the project, developing a historical reference – chronology of events and forming a team of experts to participate in the development of the materials – learning and presentation related to the project.

Lithuania: On 12 February 2017, a meeting between the team of the project and representatives of the museum – museum workers and experts was held at the Historical Museum of Vilnius. The meeting discussed the different stages of resistance movements in Lithuania, the formation of materials – learning and video materials.

Serbia: On 18.01.2017. a meeting was held in Nis between the project team and representatives of the Nis Historical Museum and professors from the University of Nis. The meeting debated the main stages of the history of Serbia in the period 1944-1989. A team is also being formed to develop the teaching and presentation materials.

Hungary: On 14.10.2016, 7 representatives of the organization and 4 museum workers gathered at a workshop to discuss the aims and activities of the project, to track the main historical events in Hungary and to form a team to work on creating video production and presentation / study materials. The meeting was held at the Memory Point in Hodmezovasarhely.

Event 3 (educational activities)

Participation: The event involved  591 citizens, including  79 participants from the city of Sofia and Silistra, Bulgaria; 47 participants from Sannicolau Mare and Timisoara, Romania; 121 participants from the city of Hódmezővásárhely, HU; 45 participants from the city of Nis, Serbia; 24 participants from the city of Tallinn, Estonia; 53 participants from the city of Kekava and Riga, Latvia; 19 participants from the city of Vilnius, Lithuania; 80 participantс from the city of Prague, Czech Republic, 70 participants from the city of Berlin, Germany, 53 participants from the city of Poronin, Poland.

Location / Dates: The event took place in Sofia and Silistra, BG; Sannicolau Mare and Timisoara, RO; Hódmezővásárhely, HU; Nis, RS; Tallinn, EE; Kekava and Riga, LV; Vilnius, LT; Prague, CZ; Berlin, DE; Poronin, PL  from 10/05/2017 to 10/12/2017

Short description:  In the period 10.05-10.12.2017 various educational activities were held, such as lectures, presentations, monument visits, meetings between victims of the system and young people and discussions. Educational activities were held in museums (Bulgaria, Lithuania, Hungary, the Czech Republic), in the KGB bunker (Latvia), schools and universities (Romania, Estonia, Poland, Germany). Various methods were used during the activities: meetings with actors in the movements and recreation of events by young people through the methods of the theater (Poland, Germany), Karl Popper method (Bulgaria, Serbia) through the methods of the debate (Romania, Lithuania, Latvia), interactive methods – role plays, discussions, dramatization of events (Czech Republic, Hungary, Estonia). The total number of direct and indirect participants was 591.

Estonia: On 15.09. the Blue Sky Centre, Tallinn were held a series of meetings between representatives of the historical museum, project team and young volunteers. During the meeting, educational and information materials were produced and disseminated during the project. During the meeting, the participants got acquainted with archives from the KGB Cells, a museum in Tartu, Estonia. In 1940-1950 there was the NKVD / KGB center for southern Estonia. The papers gave young people an idea of ​​the history of Estonian resistance and of the crimes of the communist regime in Estonia – mass deportations 1940/41 and 1949, camps and killings at the center of the KGB in Tartu. In Estonia, the total number of victims of various repressions by security authorities is estimated at 122,000, of which 30,000 are killed. CDs with project video were distributed to teachers from Tallinn, Narva, Narva-Jõesuu, Tapa, Sõmeru, to youth workers from five youth centers and to leaders of NGOs. The meeting was attended by 24 peoplе.

Bulgaria (educational action 1): On 10 and 11 November 2017, 21 students from the town of Silistra visited the historical museum in the town. Several lectures were held on “The Bulgarian Wall and the illegal escapes across the border, the Cold War, and finally the myths about communism and the Bulgarian camps.” According to historical sources from the 45th to the 62nd year in Bulgaria with a different duration there were 44 camps. Agrarians, anarchists, priests, foreigners, legionnaires, as well as almost everyone involved in the royal power, were sent there for wisdom, regardless of the occupation. Much of them without convictions, only at the discretion of the militia or the State Security.

Bulgaria (educational action 2): On December 2, 2017, 20 students visited monuments related to the Bulgarian resistance to communism and, in particular, the memorial to the victims of communism and the T-34 tank, with which the Bulgarian troops invaded Czechoslovakia. Bulgaria is the first country to call for military intervention in Czechoslovakia, and the latter apologizes for its involvement in the suppression of the Prague Spring – with a decision by the parliament in 1990 and later during the presidential visit of President Peter Stoyanov in Prague in 1997. During the visit, a lecture was held on the role of Bulgaria during the Prague Spring and other resistance movements in Europe.

Bulgaria (educational action 3): Lecture on “Bulgaria in the Period of Socialism 1944-1989 The Legacy of the Communist Regime” was held in front of 32 young people. Nedelcho Tsvetkov, a researcher of the archives of the communist regime, presented the students with facts and documentary testimonies. At the same time, he also told about the “communism” built by Todor Zhivkov, but for the complete material satisfaction of the Communist party’s home, houses, villas, residences, western cars, food, clothes. At the same time, the lecturer told the students about the legal grounds for the policeman, the organization of the concentration camp, the economic activity and the forced labor, the agency, the security, the regime, the food, the clothing, the penalties, the medical assistance, the attempts to escape and the shootings in 44 camps in Bulgaria.

Romania (educational action 1):  On 04.12.2017 in Timisoara, Romania, a lecture and discussion was held with 22 high school students. During the meeting, facts of the resistance movements against the regime, the role of the Securitate and the secret police, the life of the Ceausescu family and the communist whirlwind were presented. The participants were shown archives from the dreadful prison in the town of Rumniku Sratat from 1956 to 1963. The participants had the opportunity to touch and interpret the past from the position of the present.

Romania (educational action 2): On December 18, 2017 the same lecture and discussion took place in the high school of San Nicolau Mare. The meeting was attended by 25 participants who had the opportunity to discuss the past, the victims, the terror, the horror and the “experiments” by Elena Cheeshesko on athletes, innocents and citizens. One of the sessions was devoted to the regime’s attempt to ban Hungarian reformist pastor László Tőkés from his residence in Timisoara on the grounds that he preached ethnic hatred and met the resistance of his parishioners who made a living chain around his home as a protest . They also joined Romanian students, and the demonstration briefly grew in protest against the communist regime. Parts of the army, the militia, and the State Security (Securitate) surround the rally on December 17, 1989, and open fire on the protesters.

Poland (educational action 1): On 24-25.07.2017. a series of training seminars were held in front of 12 young people in Porinin, Poland. The young people had the opportunity to follow the historical events in the period 1945-1989 and the resistance against the communist regime. They acquainted themselves with the main historical events and movements in Stalinist Poland include Freedom and Independence (Wolność i Niezawisłość, WIN), National Armed Forces (Narodowe Siły Zbrojne, NSZ), Narodowe Zjednoczenie Wojskowe (NZW), Polish Army Konspiracyjne Wojsko Polskie, KWP), Army Krajowej (ROK), Armia Krajowa Obywatelska, AKO), NIE (Nie is a short form of Niepodległość), Delegation of the Armed Forces in the country (Delegatura Sił Zbrojnych Kraj) and Freedom and Justice (Wolność i Sprawiedliwość, WiS).

Poland (educational action 2): On 29-30.07.2017 2 seminars were held with 41 (20 and 21) young people from Poronin, Poland. During the workshops, the participants learned about the Movement of the Damned Soldiers (Polish: Żołnierze wyklęci), which is associated with the anti-communist resistance movements in Poland that are formed in the later stages of the Second World War and beyond. Created by some members of the Polish illegal state, these illegal organizations continue the armed struggle against the Stalinist government of Poland in the 1950s.

Germany (educational action 1): On 20-21.07.2017, a series of lectures and presentations related to the historical events against the communist regime in East Germany were held in front of about 50 students in Berlin. The main focus was the Berlin rebellion of 1953. On June 16, 1953, Berlin-based construction workers gathered in protest at the GDR government building and called for a general strike the next day. The call is heard across the country – thanks to West German radio stations. The mood of the de-soldiers is uplifted: it seems to them that Walter Ulbricht’s hideous regime is experiencing his last days. Indeed, in theorie, the leadership of the GDR no longer knows the situation. The popular uprising has been brutally suppressed by Soviet troops. The rebellion was the reason for the foundation of the Stasi. On June 17, however, a 13-hour state of emergency was introduced in East Berlin. The participants were also able to familiarize themselves with the history of the senior Soviet officers in East Germany and Berlin who refused to execute the command of Lavrentiy Beria and crush their tanks with protests against the Walter Uhlbrecht regime and shoot against unarmed people – are being shot – some of the participants visited the monument in the center of Berlin, erected in memory of the dead.

Germany (educational action 2): On 23-24.07.2017, another series of lectures and presentations took place among 20 young people related to the theme of the Berlin Wall and its history. The participants became involved with the attempts by the Berliners to break free from the communist regime. About 100,000 people from the GDR tried to escape the internal border or through the Berlin Wall between 1961 and 1988. More than 852 were shot dead by the border guards of the GDR or otherwise died as a result of their escape attempt across the border between East Germany and West Germany. On the Berlin Wall alone, at least 138 people died between 1961 and 1989. During the sessions, the participants had the opportunity to hear different stories related to the regime and to use the forum theater method to recreate the events. The method was used to introduce young people as key actors in the events and thus to make them more meaningful and accordingly more influential.

Latvia (educational action 1): On 21.11. 21 students from 5th and 6th class of Pļavniekkalna pamatskola and their teachers visited KGB Building The “Corner House” to acquire knowledge about communism regime crimes in Latvia. The students had the opportunity to explore the museum, and at the same time a lecture (by the museum workers) was held on the resistive movements and museum exposures. The city of Riga came under Soviet control in 1940, and brutal new leaders brought with them the dreaded secret police of KGB. Setting up a shop in the Corner House, a secretive headquarters in the middle of the city, the KGB began summoning people to uncertain fates in the depths of the building. “Undesirable Elements” could be picked up for crimes as small as having “anti-Soviet conversations” or “instigating panic.” Many of the people captured by the KGB were executed in a killing area in the basement of the Corner House. Still others were crammed into cells with dozens of other prisoners, and made to sweat and go mad with thirst as the basement was kept at around 85 degrees.

Latvia (educational action 2): On 03.01. Group of youngsters from Kekava and Riga (32 persons) visited Forest brothers bunker in Amata. Group was met by guide who told history of forest brothers movement. Kids were passing the trail of forest brothers to get more impression about this historical event In bunker they watched movie prepared in the project. During the visit, a series of educational lectures on the resistance movement of Forest Brothers and sisters took place. “Megas brāļi, lit. miško broliai, estonian: metsavennad) is the unofficial name of the armed nationalist groups operating in the territory of the Baltic republics – Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia – fighting the Soviet power and occupation a regime for the restoration of their state independence, lost as a result of their annexation from the USSR (1940), according to a secret protocol on the reallocation of Europe to the Molotov-Ribbentrop Treaty (Pact). The best organized and most massive movement in Lithuania is that it creates the most problems for Soviet occupiers in the period 1944-47.

Lithuania (educational action 1): On 11.11, a group of 19 citizens visited the Genocide Museum in Vilnius. The museum is situated in the former KGB building, where the crimes of the Soviet regime were planned and executed for fifty years. A lecture on the history of the building and the actions of the KGB was held during the visit. The Soviet Union occupied Lithuania on 15 June 1940, having accused Lithuania of not keeping the treaty for mutual assistance. People not loyal to the occupiers were arrested, killed or deported to Siberia. To persecute people, special institutions were established, and the network of prisons and detention centres was widened.

Serbia (educational actions 1, 2, 3): In the period August-October, there were 3 one-day workshops with over 45 young people from Nis. The project team from KOM 018 implemented visits to the museums and monuments from the period of Yugoslavia. The city of Nis is very rich with the monuments from this period, and young people show high interest in learning from the past and connecting with the events from period of Yugoslavia. This activity helped young people to increase interest to the history and redefine modern values according to the values from the past. Since they visited different monuments and museums, they learned what kind of monuments we have in city, and to what are they dedicated to. They realized that monuments are very important for the history, and they raised their awareness for saving and keeping them for future generations. The project team of KOM 018 organized five workshops on the topic of communist period in Yugoslavia. These workshops helped young people to increase interest in history and events in the period of 1953-1989 and the importance of Yugoslavia influence in the world during this period. One part of this activity was implementation of different visits to local schools where the project movie was presented to wider audience. Project movie was created with the contribution of all project partners. Within this activity young people from high schools and wider audience learned about differences of communism in partner countries and different types of communist regimes in Europe. They learned about the dangers of totalitarian regimes in different parts of Europe and how each country involved in the project was affected by communism.

Hungary (educational action 1):  On 11.05. 19 students visit the MUSEUM OF 1956, KISKUNMAJSA. The Museum of ’56 in Kiskunmajsa was founded by Gergely Pongrácz, former commander at Corvin köz. Having arrived home from forced banishment after the changing of the regime in 1990, one of his main aims was to create an exhibition, where the documents, relics and photos in connection with the revolution and war of independence of ’56 can be seen. The building of the museum used to be built between the two world wars, during the time when Kuno Klebersberg was the minister, to serve as a school building for those living in farmsteads. The museum was opened in 1999 and a T-55 armored car can be seen in its yard. It has got two show-rooms. Relics of the age, flags, weapons, maps, photos, newspapers, works of art made by defenders of freedom and other personal objects can be seen in them. One of the towers of the building designed by György Csete symbolizes the victorious revolution, the other, the ruinous one, commemorates the suppressed war of independence. According to his wish Gergely Pongrácz was buried in the chapel.

Hungary (educational action 2):  On 19.10. was held the lecture “Undisguised rebellion would have been ritual suicide”. Guest of the special lesson at Emlékpont was Ferenc Arany-Tóth. Hungarian Movement of Resistance was founded in 1951 by four young men of Békéssámson and it used to be spreading leaflets calling attention to the errors of the communist system at fairs, railway-stations of neighbouring settlements at first and later country-wide. Ferenc Arany-Tóth was the guest of the special history lesson at Emlékpont on Tuesday and he told the secondary students his own history. Ferenc Arany-Tóth answering the question of Gyöngyi Nagy, historian of Emlékpont, said: although they were not afraid, they had no doubt about the danger they had taken upon themselves. “Undisguised rebellion against the regime would have been ritual suicide”, he said adding that’s why they had not planned anything more radical than spreading the leaflets. After his trial Ferenc Arany-Tóth got to a forced labour camp where they were mining coal. He was set free only after the amnesty in 1963. Never was he able to get a job in his original trade as an agronomist. The meeting was attended by 49 young people and citizens.

Hungary (educational action 3):  On 20th October Dr. Lajos Csoma told about his experiences of 1956 at the special History lesson at Emlékpont in Hódmezővásárhely. Lajos Csoma started his secondary school studies in 1953 in Bethlen, where students were shocked by the re-burial of László Rajk on 6th October 1956. They were not able to understand how it was possible that those who had killed him now rehabilitated him. They felt this was not an excuse to all that the communists had done. Although this question emerged in the History lessons as well they did not get any acceptable explanations from their teachers. Dr. Lajos Csoma was one of the initiators of the student movements in 1956 and the organizer of the Student Assembly in Seget. The minutes of meeting were written by Lajos Csoma, the first speaker being Ferenc B. Kovács, who protested against the compulsory work in agriculture. Péter Zrínyi spoke against the compulsory learning of Russian language. Lajos Csoma questioned the legitimacy of the stay of Soviet troops as well as the reason for the existence of the Warsaw Treaty. Over 53 young people and citizens attended.

Czech Republic (educational action 1): On 19.09. 67 young people attended a lecture at the public library. During the meeting the young people got to know the history of the resistance movements and the different moments of the Prague Spring. The Prague Spring was a period of political liberalization in Czechoslovakia during the era of its domination by the Soviet Union after World War II. It began on 5 January 1968, when reformist Alexander Dubček was elected First Secretary of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (KSČ), and continued until 21 August 1968 when the Soviet Union and other members of the Warsaw Pact invaded the country to halt the reforms.

Czech Republic (educational action 2): On 24.09. a lecture on events during the Prague Spring (1968) and reflection from it today was held in front of 13 students. The participants had the opportunity to compare events in other countries and those in Czechoslovakia, to learn more about the sacrifice of Jan Palach and other participants in the events of that time.

Event 4 (public activities)

Participation: The event involved  717 direct and  indirect citizens, including 264 participants from the city of Sofia and Silistra, Bulgaria; 28 participants from Sannicolau Mare and Timisoara, Romania; 163 participants from the city of Hódmezővásárhely, HU; 60 participants from the city of Nis, Serbia; 31 participants from the city of Tallinn, Estonia; 28 participants from the city of Kekava and Riga, Latvia; 34 participants from the city of Vilnius, Lithuania; 30 participants from the city of Prague, Czech Republic, 54 participants from the city of Berlin, Grunau, Germany, 25 participants from the city of Wisła, Poland.

Location / Dates: The event took place in Sofia and Silistra, BG; Sannicolau Mare and Timisoara, RO; Hódmezővásárhely, HU; Nis, RS; Tallinn, EE; Kekava and Riga, LV; Vilnius, LT; Prague, CZ; Berlin Grunau, DE; Wisła, PL from 20/05/2017-20/12/2017

Short description:  In the period 20.05-20.12.2017 various public events related to the presentation of video material to the general public (all partner countries), visits to communist labor camps (Bulgaria, Latvia, Hungary), exhibitions with collected archive materials (Bulgaria) visits to museums and monuments (Czech Republic, Hungary, Bulgaria, Serbia, Romania, Latvia, Lithuania), participation in a torch procession in memory of the victims of communism (Hungary), press conferences and information days to present the results of the project Hungary, Serbia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania). The total number of direct and indirect participants was 717, and more than 9250 people saw the video material through the project site. The product was recorded on DVD and distributed to universities, museums, schools for use as educational and informative material (1000 copies).

Estonia (public action 1): An information day was held with 13 representatives of the media and NGOs from Estonia. Video and educational materials on the topic were presented at the meeting. Documentary video material was presented to the audience. The guest of the event was also a representative of Estonia.

Nelijärve Puhkekeskus-Holiday Center, Tallinn, Estonia, 18-19.11.2017

Estonia (public action 2): Project was presented. Participants watch project video. History of Estonia, Baltic countries and Eastern bloc was discussed. CDs with project video were distributed to youth workers and leaders of NGOs. The press conference was also attended by media representatives. The total number of participants was 18.

Bulgaria (public action 1): On 27.05.2017, the sixth anniversary was held on the island of Belene (the largest communist labor camp in Bulgaria) where the regime’s victims were honored. Over 20 young people, students, victims of the system took part in the procession.

Bulgaria (public action 2): On November 10, 2017, the video was promoted to the general public in Sofia. The event was attended by over 90 citizens, both young people and contemporaries of the totalitarian regime. The date is related to the fall of the Communist regime in Bulgaria.

Bulgaria (public action 3): A number of activities related to the distribution of video production were conducted in December. On December 14, 2017 a lecture and presentation of the documentary video took place in front of 30 students from the town of Silistra.

Bulgaria (public action 4): On December 15, 2017 the production was presented to 24 citizens from the city of Silistra. A large number of those present have told their personal stories, stories about victims, camps, and the burned (resistance movement in Bulgaria).

Bulgaria (public action 5): The Traveling Exhibition “Witnesses: Memory for the Belene” was held from 11-22.12.2017 and gathered more than 100 visitors in the Archives Exhibition Hall of the Archives State Agency, 5 Moskovska Street in Sofia. This is the first traveling exhibition devoted to the victims of the largest camp for political opponents of the totalitarian communist regime in Bulgaria. The exposition presents life in the concentration camp through written or oral testimonies of survivors, photos and drawings.

Romania: On 04.12.2017 in Timisoara, Romania people from different generations met- students / young people and victims of the system. The documentary video was presented at the meeting and the elderly people told their stories, events and events from the time of the Ceausescu regime. We also read pages of Elena Cheeshesko’s book and the horrors to which ordinary people were subjected. The meeting was attended by over 28 citizens.

Poland: On September 14, 2017 in Wisła, Poland, a public discussion and presentation of the video material, showing the different aspects of the totalitarian regime, took place. During the event, 25 young people, through the forms of theater and recreation, showed stories related to various events from the time of the totalitarian regime. Stories were gathered during the first part of the project – meetings with historians and contemporaries of the regime / victims.

Germany: On 04.09.2017 in Grunau district a documentary video was presented to 54 citizens and young people. During the event the participants had the opportunity to discuss, tell, experience different stories and events. Young people took note of historical events in other countries and received more information about first-person events in Germany.

Latvia: On December 18, 2017, a presentation of video production and an exhibition of photographs, stories and witnesses, victims of communist repression in Latvia took place in the History Museum in Riga. The opening of the event was attended by 28 young people and citizens, and for one week the exhibition was visited by other citizens and students.

Lithuania: On 11.11. an event was held in Vilnius where the documentary video and a special press conference were presented. During the meeting the participants had the opportunity to get acquainted with the events of 1944-1989 in the other European countries and to discuss the contemporary grammar and reflection of the communist regime from the position of modern man. The meeting was attended by 32 participants and 2 representatives of the local media.

Serbia (public actions 1,2,3,4): The project team of KOM 018 organized 4 workshops (22,17,5,16 participants) on the topic of communist period in Yugoslavia. These workshops helped young people to increase interest in history and events in the period of 1953-1989 and the importance of Yugoslavia influence in the world during this period. One part of this activity was implementation of different visits to local schools where the project movie was presented to wider audience. Project movie was created with the contribution of all project partners. Within this activity young people from high schools and wider audience learned about differences of communism in partner countries and different types of communist regimes in Europe. They learned about the dangers of totalitarian regimes in different parts of Europe and how each country involved in the project was affected by communism. Over 60 young people participated during the different events.

Hungary (public action 1): On 18.10. 2017 over 45 young people met with victims of the system and participants in Hungarian events. The documentary video was also presented during the event, stories, events and truths were told by the Hungarian rebels themselves. Young people had the opportunity to discuss, learn more about the history of both Hungary and other former communist countries.

Hungary (public action 2): The commemoration of the 60th anniversary of the revolution in 1956 began at 17.15 on Saturday, 22nd October on Kossuth Square in Hódmezővásárhely with hoisting the flag and continued at 17.30 in the yard of Bethlen Gábor Református Gimnázium (Gábor Bethlen Calvinist Grammar School), where Dr. József Gyulai, member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. Afterwards a memory-procession with torches set off to Imre Nagy Promenade. Those who came to remember put the flowers of respect at the everlasting night-light of 1956 at 18.30 and then the procession carrying torches marched to Kossuth Square via Andrássy Street.

Czech Republic: On 18 and 19.09 in Prague two events were held – 30 young people visited the Museum of Communism and the monument Jan Palach. During the events the project, video production and conversation between young people and historians were presented. Under communist rule, authorities arrested more than 200,000 Czechs and shot 327 others dead as they tried to flee across the border. The simple but stirring Memorial to the Victims of Communism captures that agony with six sculptures of a man in progressive decay. Just as moving are the literal depictions of state-sponsored terrorism, told through photos, propaganda and videos at the Museum of Communism — although here the story ends on a high note, with galleries on the peaceful “velvet revolution” that ended the nightmare.

Event 5 (final conference)

Participation: The event involved  35 citizens, including 9 participants from the city of Sofia, Bulgaria; 3 participants from Sannicolau Mare, Romania;4 participants from the city of Hódmezővásárhely, HU; 4 participants from the city of Nis, Serbia; 3 participants from the city of Tallinn, Estonia;4 participants from the city of Kekava, Latvia; 4 participants from the city of Vilnius, Lithuania; 2 participants from the city of Prague, Czech Republic, 1 participant from the city of Berlin, Grunau, Germany, 1 participant from the city of Wisła, Poland.

Location / Dates: The event took place in Sofia Bulgaria from 24/01/2018-28/01/2018

Short description:  In the period 24-28.01.2018 in Sofia, Bulgaria, a final international conference on “The History of the Resistance Movements against the Communist Regime in Europe” was held to track the historical events during Communism and its reflections today. During the meeting were presented the results achieved – products, participants, developed and disseminated materials. The meeting was attended by 35 representatives from all partner countries, representatives of museums, scientific institutions and state archives. A final press conference was also held with the participation of Bulgarian media, Estonian national radio, representatives of electronic media from Latvia and Lithuania. At the end of the meeting, a team was created to work to disseminate results and multiply activities

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